Feasibility of Adsorption Kinetic Models to Study Carrier-Mediated Transport of Heavy Metal Ions in Emulsion Liquid Membranes

  • Gerardo León /
  • Elisa Gómez /
  • Beatriz Miguel /
  • Asunción María Hidalgo /
  • María Gómez /
  • María Dolores Murcia /
  • María Amelia Guzmán
Journal ar
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 enero 2022
  • ISSN: 20770375
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.3390/membranes12010066
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: MDPI
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Emulsion liquid membranes have been successfully used for the removal of different types of organic and inorganic pollutants by means of carrier-mediated transport mechanisms. However, the models that describe the kinetics and transport of such mechanisms are very complex due to the high number of model parameters. Starting from an analysis of the similarity between the elemental mechanisms of carrier-mediated transport in liquid membranes and of transport in adsorption processes, this paper presents an experimental analysis of the possibility of applying kinetic and mechanistic models developed for adsorption to carrier-mediated transport in emulsion liquid membranes. We study the removal of a target species, in this case, Cu(II), by emulsion liquid membranes containing membrane phase solutions of benzoylacetone (carrier agent), Span 80 (emulsifying agent) and kerosene (diluent), and hydrochloric acid as a stripping agent in the product phase. The experimental results fit the pseudo-second-order adsorption kinetic model, showing good relationships between the experimental and model parameters. Although both Cu(II) diffusion through the feed/membrane interface boundary layer and complex Cu-benzoylacetone diffusion through the membrane phase controls Cu(II) transport, it is the former step that mainly controls the transport process.

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