Postharvest UV-B and photoperiod with blue + red LEDs as strategies to stimulate carotenogenesis in bell peppers

Journal ar
Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 9
  • Fecha: 01 mayo 2021
  • ISSN: 20763417
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.3390/app11093736
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: MDPI AG
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Background: Our objective was to evaluate carotenoid accumulation in bell peppers during shelf life under different light conditions. Methods: Fruit stored for 6 d at 7¿ C received a 9 kJ m¿2 UV-B treatment, while non-UV-treated were used as control (CTRL). Subsequently, all peppers were disposed for a retail sale period of 4 d at 20¿ C with a photoperiod of 14 h under fluorescent light (FL) + 10 h under darkness (D), FL, or blue + red LEDs (BR LED). Results: Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) was increased by the UV-B treatment and the photoperiods supplemented with FL and BR LED, which was directly related to the carotenoid content. In fact, CTRL peppers (225 mg ß-carotene kg¿1) under FL+BR LED showed an increase of ~33% of 13-cis-ß-carotene, ~24% of all-trans-ß-carotene, and ~27.5% of 9-cis-ß-carotene compared to FL + D and FL + FL. Capsaicinoids showed an increase by ~22%, ~38%, and ~27% in the content of capsanthin, capsanthin laurate, and capsanthin esters, respectively, after the UV-B treatment, which was even enhanced after the LED-supplemented photoperiod by ~18% compared to FL+D. Conclusions: Illumination with BR LEDs + UV-B during the retail sale period nights is recommended to increase the bioactive content of bell peppers via carotenoid accumulation to 270 mg ß-carotene kg¿1.

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