Cortical Asymmetries and Connectivity Patterns in the Valence Dimension of the Emotional Brain

Journal ar
International Journal of Neural Systems
  • Volumen: 30
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 01 mayo 2020
  • ISSN: 17936462 01290657
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1142/S0129065720500215
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte
© 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company.Understanding the neurophysiology of emotions, the neuronal structures involved in processing emotional information and the circuits by which they act, is key to designing applications in the field of affective neuroscience, to advance both new treatments and applications of brain-computer interactions. However, efforts have focused on developing computational models capable of emotion classification instead of on studying the neural substrates involved in the emotional process. In this context, we have carried out a study of cortical asymmetries and functional cortical connectivity based on the electroencephalographic signal of 24 subjects stimulated with videos of positive and negative emotional content to bring some light to the neurobiology behind emotional processes. Our results show opposite interhemispheric asymmetry patterns throughout the cortex for both emotional categories and specific connectivity patterns regarding each of the studied emotional categories. However, in general, the same key areas, such as the right hemisphere and more anterior cortical regions, presented higher levels of activity during the processing of both valence emotional categories. These results suggest a common neural pathway for processing positive and negative emotions, but with different activation patterns. These preliminary results are encouraging for elucidating the neuronal circuits of the emotional valence dimension.

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