An analytical approach to flow-guided nanocommunication networks

Journal ar
Sensors (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 20
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 01 marzo 2020
  • ISSN: 14248220
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.3390/s20051332
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: MDPI
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Continuous progress of nanocommunications and nano-networking is opening the door to the development of innovative yet unimaginable services, with a special focus on medical applications. Among several nano-network topologies, flow-guided nanocommunication networks have recently emerged as a promising solution to monitoring, gathering information, and data communication inside the human body. In particular, flow-guided nano-networks display a number of specific characteristics, such as the type of nodes comprising the network or the ability of a nano-node to transmit successfully, which significantly differentiates them from other types of networks, both at the nano and larger scales. This paper presents the first analytical study on the behavior of these networks, with the objective of evaluating their metrics mathematically. To this end, a theoretical framework of the flow-guided nano-networks is developed and an analytical model derived. The main results reveal that, due to frame collisions, there is an optimal number of nano-nodes for any flow-guided network, which, as a consequence, limits the maximum achievable throughput. Finally, the analytical results obtained are validated through simulations and are further discussed.

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