Multi-parametrical tool for the design of bottom racks DIMRACK-application to small hydropower plants in Ecuador

Journal ar
Water (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 10
  • Fecha: 01 octubre 2019
  • ISSN: 20734441
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.3390/w11102056
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: MDPI
© 2019 by the authors.A novel computational tool, DIMRACK, is presented for the design of the required length of bottom racks in intake systems. The users may consider clear water cases or the rack's occlusion due to sediment transport in the river. The computational tool uses a methodology based on the experimental works undertaken at the Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena from 2010. This work also presents an extension of the methodology to cover a broad range of void ratios, bar profiles, slopes, and flow rates. Designing nomograms are also proposed. These are two diagrams to allow the approximate graphical computation of the rack length with clear water. In sediment transport cases, an occlusion factor is proposed, obtained from experimental gravel tests. This parameter enables an increment in the rack length due to occlusion, depending on the bar type. The results are compared with those proposed in classical technical manuals. Finally, the results have been compared with ten existing small hydropower plants' bottom intake designs in Ecuador.

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