Frequency variation analysis in neuronal cultures for stimulus response characterization
Neural Computing and Applications
- Fecha: 01 enero 2019
- ISSN: 09410643
- Tipo de fuente: Revista
- DOI: 10.1007/s00521-018-3942-y
- Editorial: Springer London
© 2019, Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.In vitro neuronal cultures embodied in a closed-loop control system have been used recently to study neuronal dynamics. This allows the development of neurons in a controlled environment with the purpose of exploring the computational capabilities of such biological neural networks. Due to the intrinsic properties of in vitro neuronal cultures and how the neuronal tissue grows in them, the ways in which signals are transmitted and generated within and throughout the culture can be difficult to characterize. The neural code is formed by patterns of spikes whose properties are in essence nonlinear and non-stationary. The usual approach for this characterization has been the use of the post-stimulus time histogram (PSTH). PSTH is calculated by counting the spikes detected in each neuronal culture electrode during some time windows after a stimulus in one of the electrodes. The objective is to find pairs of electrodes where stimulation in one of the pairs produces a response in the other but not in the rest of the electrodes in other pairs. The aim of this work is to explore possible ways of extracting relevant information from the global response to culture stimulus by studying the patterns of variation over time for the firing rate, estimated from inverse inter-spike intervals, in each electrode. Machine learning methods can then be applied to distinguish the electrode being stimulated from the whole culture response, in order to obtain a better characterization of the culture and its computational capabilities so it can be useful for robotic applications.