A cr<sup>6+</sup>-free extraction of chromium oxide from chromite ores using carbothermic reduction in the presence of alkali

Book Series ch
Minerals, Metals and Materials Series
  • Número: 9783319510903
  • Fecha: 01 enero 2017
  • Páginas: 179-188
  • ISSN: 23671696 23671181
  • Tipo de fuente: Serie de libros
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51091-0_16
  • Tipo de documento: Capítulo
  • Editorial: Springer International Publishing
© 2017, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.Oxidative alkali roasting of chromite is the state-of-the-art process for manufacturing chromium-containing chemicals, which involves dealing with serious environmental problems arising from handling Cr6+-containing wastes generated in this process. In this article a new method for the extraction of Cr2O3 from chromite ores is explained, based on the carbothermic reduction of concentrates in the presence of alkali investigated in the temperature range of 950¿1050 °C. Under these conditions, the iron oxides present in the ore body are reduced to metallic iron and the resulting separation of chromium occurs by forming sodium chromite (NaCrO2). The reduced samples are magnetically separated for the recovery of an iron-rich fraction, and a non-magnetic fraction containing NaCrO2, MgO and other impurities. The further treatment of the non-magnetic fraction by leaching yields a Cr2O3-rich product of approximately 85% purity, with remaining alumina, alkali and magnesia. The main advantage of the process is that, under reducing atmosphere and subsequent leaching conditions, the oxidation of Cr3+ to Cr6+ is completely avoided; thereby decreasing the risk of land, air and water pollution.

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