Inverted phase fermentation as a pretreatment for anaerobic digestion of cattle manure and sewage sludge

  • L. Negral /
  • L. Castrillón /
  • E. Marañón /
  • Y. Fernández-Nava /
  • P. Ormaechea
Journal ar
Journal of Environmental Management
  • Volumen: 203
  • Fecha: 01 diciembre 2017
  • Páginas: 741-744
  • ISSN: 10958630 03014797
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.08.035
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: Academic Press
© 2016The aim of this research study was to analyse the effect of applying inverted phase fermentation (IPF) prior to the anaerobic digestion of cattle manure and sewage sludge. IPF promotes the endogenous bacteria present in waste and hence enzymatic hydrolysis, producing a solid-liquid separation. The clarified bottom layer or liquid phase (LP, 70% volume in manure and 65% in sludge), and the thickened top layer or solid phase (SP, 30% volume in manure and 35% in sludge) were digested separately. Operating at 37 °C, the time needed to digest the LP from manure was shorter (10 days) than that needed to digest the corresponding SP or the untreated substrate (22 days in both cases). The time needed to digest the separated phases of sludge (LP: 2 days, SP: 15 days) was lower than that needed to digest manure. Biogas production rates for the manure after pretreatment were 0.5 L/L·day for the SP and 0.7 L/L·day for the LP, allowing higher OLR (4.5¿4.8 gCOD/L·day) than when digesting untreated manure and increasing biogas production by 17%. IPF applied to sewage sludge led to a production of 1.8 L/L·day at an OLR of 6.2 gCOD/L·day for the SP and 2.0 L/L·day at 12.9 gCOD/L·day for the LP. Assuming a conventional OLR of 2¿3 gCOD/L·day, the advantage of applying IPF to sewage sludge resides in the possibility of operating digesters at much higher OLR.

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