Urban runoff characteristics in Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs): Analysis of storm events in southeastern Spain

Journal ar
Water (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 9
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 26 abril 2017
  • ISSN: 20734441
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.3390/w9050303
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: MDPI AG Postfach Basel CH-4005
© 2017 by the authors. Storm water overflows have an important impact on the environment in many European countries. Nowadays, a better knowledge of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) pollution is required for implementing measures to reduce these emissions. In this work, pollution flows mobilized during rainy events have been monitored and modeled in two urban catchments located in the city of Murcia (southeast Spain). For each analyzed event, rainfall volume, in-sewer turbidity and water flow depth have been continuously measured. Therefore, sets of pollutographs and hydrographs have been obtained for each event analyzed. Characteristic variables have been defined and obtained for each event such as the maximum concentration of turbidity, the total event rainfall, the previous dry weather period, the time to the peak of the hydrograph and to the peak of the pollutograph, among others. Relations between variables have been adjusted through a statistical model. The adjusted parameters are used to generate pollutographs that are compared with those measured in field. The present work provides tools to assist in the knowledge of pollution transported through sewer network during stormy events, suggesting the creation of design pollutographs which may facilitate the evaluation of measures to reduce urban runoff pollution.

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