Comparison of methods to estimate the scour downstream of a ski jump

Journal ar
International Journal of Multiphase Flow
  • Volumen: 92
  • Fecha: 01 junio 2017
  • Páginas: 171-180
  • ISSN: 03019322
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2017.03.006
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: Elsevier Ltd
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This study analyzes the expected depth and scour shape in the Toachi River (Ecuador) as a result of the construction of the Toachi Dam in order to avoid problems with progressive scour. The dam has a maximum height of 59 m to the foundations. The free surface weir ends in a ski jump and has been designed to operate with a peak discharge of 1213 m3/s. As each method has its limitations, the scour is studied with four complementary procedures: 1) a 1:50 Froude scale similitude laboratory model used as validation case; 2) 36 empirical formulae derived from models and prototypes; 3) a semi-empirical methodology based on pressure fluctuations-erodibility index; and 4) FLOW-3D numerical simulations. The expected scour depth is 6.65 m for the design flow. The results are close to the physical model. In the numerical analysis, turbulence is treated using the three RANS approaches. The choice of the turbulence model and the bed load coefficient in the Meyer-Peter & Müller formula are of great importance. The best results were obtained using the RNG k-¿ turbulence model and a bed load coefficient below 7.

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