Changes in bioactive compounds and oxidative enzymes of fresh-cut pomegranate arils during storage as affected by deficit irrigation and postharvest vapor heat treatments

Journal ar
Food Science and Technology International
  • Volumen: 22
  • Número: 8
  • Fecha: 01 diciembre 2016
  • Páginas: 665-676
  • ISSN: 15321738 10820132
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1177/1082013216635323
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: SAGE Publications Inc.
© The Author(s) 2016 Reprints and permissions. The effect of postharvest vapor heat treatments at 95., (4, 7, and 10 s) regarding a conventional sanitizing treatment with 100 mg NaClO l-1 on enzyme activities (phenylalanine ammonia lyase, polyphenol oxidase, and peroxidase), phenolic content, and total antioxidant capacity of fresh-cut pomegranates arils throughout 18 days at 5., was studied. Furthermore, the effect of two sustained deficit irrigation (SDI) strategies, compared to a standardly irrigated control (CTRL), was also studied on such quality parameters throughout storage. Arils from CTRL-irrigated fruit registered phenylalanine ammonia lyase, peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase initial activities of 60.6, 382, and 14.4 U g-1 fw, respectively. Arils from sustained deficit irrigation fruit registered 46-58% lower phenylalanine ammonia lyase values while polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities did not register great variants (<9%) among both sustained deficit irrigation treatments. Postharvest vapor heat treatments enhanced phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity in those samples from sustained deficit irrigation fruit although no great peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase (<2-5%) increases were observed. Arils from SDI1 fruit registered higher phenolic content than those values reported for CTRL samples. However, phenolic compounds decreased during storage, in a greater extent for sustained deficit irrigation samples, although 7 s arils achieved better phenolic compounds retention in sustained deficit irrigation samples. Vapor heat treatments reduced up to twofold the total antioxidant capacity losses observed in samples sanitized by conventional NaOCl treatment during shelf life. Conclusively, postharvest vapor heat treatment for 7 and 10 s used to extend the shelf life of pomegranate arils up to 18 days at 5., reduced the losses of health-promoting compounds during storage compared to conventional NaOCl sanitizing treatment.

Palabras clave del autor

    Palabras clave indexadas

      Detalles de financiación