Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of the Keyhole Effect for a Multi-antenna System in a Street Corner Environment at 2.4 GHz

Journal ar
Wireless Personal Communications
  • Volumen: 83
  • Número: 4
  • Fecha: 23 agosto 2015
  • Páginas: 2561-2578
  • ISSN: 1572834X 09296212
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11277-015-2555-3
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: Kluwer Academic Publishers
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. A study of a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) system in a street corner is presented in order to analyze the keyhole effect. First, MIMO channel matrices are calculated in this environment by using a ray launching model to theoretically analyze the problem. In this sense, results show that, in a Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) situation, capacity is close to the keyhole limit, since only diffracted rays are received. Moreover, measurements carried out in a similar environment are also presented, and results are compared with the theoretical results. The keyhole effect was difficult to measure in the real environment, since many other contributions were received. However, in the NLoS positions, and by analyzing only the diffracted contribution, a nearly keyhole capacity is found.

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