Feature selection applying statistical and neurofuzzy methods to EEG-based BCI

Journal ar
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
  • Volumen: 2015
  • Fecha: 01 enero 2015
  • ISSN: 16875273 16875265
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1155/2015/781207
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: Hindawi Publishing Corporation 410 Park Avenue, 15th Floor, 287 pmb New York NY 10022
© 2015 Juan-Antonio Martinez-Leon et al. This paper presents an investigation aimed at drastically reducing the processing burden required by motor imagery brain-computer interface (BCI) systems based on electroencephalography (EEG). In this research, the focus has moved from the channel to the feature paradigm, and a 96% reduction of the number of features required in the process has been achieved maintaining and even improving the classification success rate. This way, it is possible to build cheaper, quicker, and more portable BCI systems. The data set used was provided within the framework of BCI Competition III, which allows it to compare the presented results with the classification accuracy achieved in the contest. Furthermore, a new three-step methodology has been developed which includes a feature discriminant character calculation stage; a score, order, and selection phase; and a final feature selection step. For the first stage, both statistics method and fuzzy criteria are used. The fuzzy criteria are based on the S-dFasArt classification algorithm which has shown excellent performance in previous papers undertaking the BCI multiclass motor imagery problem. The score, order, and selection stage is used to sort the features according to their discriminant nature. Finally, both order selection and Group Method Data Handling (GMDH) approaches are used to choose the most discriminant ones.

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