Thermal Stability of Selected Natural Red Extracts Used as Food Colorants

Journal ar
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
  • Volumen: 68
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 11 febrero 2013
  • Páginas: 11-17
  • ISSN: 09219668
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11130-013-0337-1
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
The color degradation of aqueous solutions of six natural red pigment extracts (elderberry, red cabbage, hibiscus, red beet, Opuntia fruits and red cochineal) used commercially as food colorants was investigated at temperatures between 50 and 90 °C. Color degradation was studied in respect to both spectral properties and visual color. The remaining absorbance at 535 nm as a function of the incubation time and temperature was used to quantify the degradation process. Red cochineal was the most thermoresistant extract with a remaining absorbance of 95 % after 6 h at 90 °C. Anthocyanin extracts (elderberry, red cabbage, hibiscus) showed remaining absorbance percentages of 63.8, 46.1 and 26.7, respectively. Betacyanin extracts (red beet, Opuntia fruits) were the most thermosensitive maintaining only 12.5 and 1.7 %, respectively, of the initial absorbance at 535 nm. Applying a first-order kinetic model to the degradation processes, reaction rate constants (k) and half-life periods (t1/2) were calculated. The temperature dependence of the degradation rate constant obeyed the Arrhenius relationship, with activation energies (Ea) ranging between 3.02 and 53.37 kJ mol-1. The higher activation energy values indicated greater temperature sensitivity. Changes in visual color attributes corroborated the high thermal stability of the red cochineal extract. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Palabras clave del autor

    Palabras clave indexadas

      Detalles de financiación