Genetic diversity of Astragalus nitidiflorus, a critically endangered endemic of SE Spain, and implications for its conservation

Journal ar
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
  • Volumen: 39
  • Número: 3
  • Fecha: 01 junio 2011
  • Páginas: 175-182
  • ISSN: 03051978
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2011.03.005
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
Inter-simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity and population structure in five populations of Astragalus nitidiflorus, a critically endangered species endemic to southeast Spain. Eight primers amplified 78 bands with 40 (51.3%) being polymorphic. Statistical results indicated a low genetic diversity at the population and species level, with percentages of polymorphic bands (PPB) ranging from 28.2 to 37.2% (an average of 31.8%), and means of gene diversity (HE) of 0.129 and 0.171 respectively. The Shannon's index (SI) ranged from 0.160 to 0.214 at the population level and was 0.260 at the species level. A low level of genetic differentiation among populations was detected, based on the Shannon's information index (0.297), the coefficient of genetic differentiation between populations (GST = 0.2418) and AMOVA analysis (¿ST = 0.255). The estimated gene flow (Nm) was 0.789. The high genetic connectivity found among populations of A. nitidiflorus is an evidence of a recent habitat fragmentation. In addition, a bottleneck event in the past has been revealed, with a subsequent reduction of population size and a loss of genetic variation. Based on these results, the conservation strategy of A. nitidiflorus was proposed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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