Documento de conferencia

Characterization of the movement of polypyrrole-dodecylbenzenesulfonate- perchlorate/tape artificial muscles. Faradaic control of reactive artificial molecular motors and muscles

Journal cp
Electrochimica Acta
  • Volumen: 56
  • Número: 10
  • Fecha: 01 abril 2011
  • Páginas: 3721-3726
  • ISSN: 00134686
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.11.058
  • Tipo de documento: Documento de conferencia
In this paper, we characterize polypyrrole-DBS-ClO4/tape bilayers with prevalent interchange of cations, while acting as macroscopic bending artificial muscles in aqueous solution. The electrochemical origin of their movement is described by linear equations deduced from the driving Faraday's laws. We demonstrate that the engineering parameters for macroscopic bending movement rates, the direction of the movement, described angles, and final positions of the electrochemical motors, are under control of the involved current, the direction of the current flow and the consumed charge, which means under Faradaic control of the conducting polymer composition. The linear equations describing both movement rate and position were obtained. The specific (per unit of polypyrrole weight in the muscle) driving current (A g -1), the specific driving charge (C s-1 g-1) or the specific counter-ion composition variation (mol s-1 g -1) are directly related to the actuator angular movement (rad s -1 A-1), whatever the muscle dimensions or the working polypyrrole weight in the device. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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