Alternative strategies to sustain N-fertility in acid and calcaric beech forests: Low microbial N-demand versus high biological activity

Journal ar
Basic and Applied Ecology
  • Volumen: 9
  • Número: 4
  • Fecha: 01 julio 2008
  • Páginas: 410-421
  • ISSN: 16180089 14391791
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2007.05.004
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
  • Editorial: Elsevier GmbH
To challenge the "conventional wisdom" that rates of net N-mineralization increase with pH, we measured net N-mineralization, respiration and/or microbial C and N in four Luxembourg beech forests with similar litter input, but different soil types, using laboratory incubation experiments. Litter input and fungal/bacterial colony ratios were also measured. To test whether the results could be explained by existing theoretical models, equations of C and N dynamics were reformulated to allow estimation of microbial growth efficiency, gross C and N release and microbial uptake, based on measured values of net N-mineralization, respiration and C:N ratios of substrate and microbes. Instead of an increase, net N-mineralization rates showed a significant sevenfold decrease from acid to calcaric soil in the organic layer, and a fourfold decrease in the mineral topsoil. At the same time, microbial N-demand increased with pH, as indicated by the significant decrease in net N-mineralization per unit microbe or unit C respired. These results could be explained by theoretical models. In organic layer and mineral topsoil, despite high gross N-release, net N-mineralization rates decreased with pH because of higher microbial immobilization. Increase in microbial N-demand was associated with a decrease in fungal/bacterial colony ratio: the more the bacteria, the higher the microbial N-demand. Acid and calcaric soils seem to have different strategies to sustain ecosystem N-fertility. In calcaric soil, N-availability to the vegetation seems indeed supported by high biological activity and gross N-release, which is needed to compensate for the potentially high immobilization by bacteria. In acid soil, however, despite low gross N-release, N-availability to the vegetation may not be lower than in calcaric soil, due to high amounts of fungi and low microbial N-demand. © 2007 Gesellschaft für Ökologie.

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