Induction of drought tolerance by paclobutrazol and irrigation deficit in Phillyrea angustifolia during the nursery period

Journal ar
Scientia Horticulturae
  • Volumen: 107
  • Número: 3
  • Fecha: 06 febrero 2006
  • Páginas: 277-283
  • ISSN: 03044238
  • Tipo de fuente: Revista
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2005.07.008
  • Tipo de documento: Artículo
Phillyrea angustifolia is a native Mediterranean species, which has recently been considered suitable for landscaping purposes. We hypothesize that hardening plants in the nursery could increase their tolerance of drought after transplanting. The effects of paclobutrazol (PBZ) and different irrigation regimes applied to seedlings planted in 4.5-L plastic pots were investigated. PBZ was applied as a substrate drench at 0 mL L-1 (untreated control), 30 mL L-1 and 40 mL L-1 per plant and three drip irrigation treatments were used: I100, plants watered at water-holding capacity, I60, plants watered to 60% of I100, and I40, plants watered to 40% of I100. Plants were pot-grown in an unheated greenhouse near the Mediterranean coast of SE Spain. A reduction in plant height and stem diameter was observed one month after being drenched by PBZ. The irrigation regime significantly affected plant height after three months of cultivation and did not affect stem diameter during the nursery period. Significant interaction between the irrigation regime and PBZ dose was evident for plant height during the nursery period. I100 and untreated PBZ plants had the lowest stomata density. PBZ doses significantly reduced canopy weight and leaf area compared with the control. I60 plants showed the greatest leaf area and canopy dry weight, and the highest root length, dry weight, volume and number of forks. Both I60 and I40 treatments showed an equally high water use efficiency (WUE) (calculated as the total plant dry matter divided by the total amount of water supplied by the irrigation treatments). In general, PBZ induced a suite of morphological adaptations (increased root-to-shoot ratio and stomata density, decreased leaf area reduction, fine roots, etc.) that might allow the plants to tolerate drought after transplanting. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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