Current Trends in Organic Vegetable Crop Production: Practices and Techniques

  • Juan A. Fernández /
  • Miren Edurne Ayastuy /
  • Damián Pablo Belladonna /
  • María Micaela Comezaña /
  • Josefina Contreras /
  • Isabel De Maria Mourão /
  • Luciano Orden /
  • Roberto A. Rodríguez
Journal re
  • Volumen: 8
  • Número: 10
  • Fecha: 01 October 2022
  • ISSN: 23117524
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/horticulturae8100893
  • Document Type: Review
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2022 by the authors.Organic farming is a holistic production management system that promotes and enhances agroecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity, and consequently, it is an efficient and promising approach for sustainable agriculture within a circular and green economy. There has been a rise in the consumption of organic vegetables in the last years because of their organoleptic properties, higher nutritive value and lower risk of chemical residues harmful to health. The recent scientific evidence regarding the use of the major elements responsible for organic vegetable crop production indicates plant material, soil management and crop nutrition, soil disinfection, crop management and pest, disease and weed management. These techniques are the focus of this study. In general, the main outcomes of this review demonstrate that a great effort of innovation and research has been carried out by industry, researchers and farmers in order to reduce the environmental impact of the established and innovative horticultural practices while satisfying the requirements of consumers. However, research-specific studies should be carried out in different farming systems and pedoclimatic conditions to achieve the highest efficiency of these horticultural practices.

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