A Novel Bandstop Filter Based on Two-Port Coaxial Cavities for the Installation of Metallic Mode Stirrers in Microwave Ovens

Journal ar
Electronics (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 13
  • Fecha: 01 July 2022
  • ISSN: 20799292
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/electronics11131989
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2022 by the authors.Metallic stirrers are commonly used in mode-stirred reverberation chambers but are less common in microwave ovens, because the use of a metallic axis creates a coaxial port in the cavity wall where the axis is introduced, which may result in significant microwave leakage levels. However, due to electromagnetic, mechanical, temperature, or chemical requirements, metallic axes must be used in some cases. In this paper, we present a high power coaxial filter that enables the use of metallic stirrers in microwave applications. The filter employs two-port coaxial cavities that are analyzed to determine their design parameters. These cavities are coupled via coaxial lines to achieve proper attenuation levels. The cavities were designed using commercial electromagnetic (EM) software, and a filter prototype was validated using vector network analyzer (VNA) measurements. The simulated and measured results show that a three-stage configuration can achieve attenuations greater than 70 dB at the 2.45 GHz ISM band, allowing the use and external handling of the metallic axis inserted into microwave ovens with negligible microwave radiation leakage.

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