Salicylic-Acid-Regulated Antioxidant Capacity Contributes to Growth Improvement of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus cv. Red Balady)

  • Sabry M. Youssef /
  • Antonio López-Orenes /
  • María A. Ferrer /
  • Antonio A. Calderón
Journal ar
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2022
  • ISSN: 20734395
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/agronomy12010168
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.The improvement of crop yield and quality are currently of prime concern to achieve global food security and sustainability. Plant elicitation with salicylic acid (SA) has been shown to play a key role in regulating plant growth and productivity. Here, the effects of foliar SA application (1, 2, and 4 mM) on antioxidant capacity and phenolic metabolism, among other biochemical parameters, were studied in okra leaves. The results showed that SA treatments markedly increase the levels of endogenous free SA and trigger the accumulation of chlorophylls, soluble proteins, proline, antioxidant capacity, and phenolic compounds, alongside the stimulation of the enzymatic activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and peroxidase, with these changes being paralleled by decreased levels of lipid peroxidation. The beneficial effects of SA treatments were also tested on field-grown okra plants. Results revealed that yield-associated agronomic attributes significantly increased upon SA treatments, especially at 2 mM SA. Altogether, these results point to a connection between SA-induced antioxidant system strengthening and crop growth and productivity. Therefore, foliar application of SA seems to be a potent and workable approach to enhance okra crop quality and yield.

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