Validity and reliability of a computer-assisted system method to measure axial vertebral rotation

  • José Hurtado-Avilés /
  • Vicente J. León-Muñoz /
  • Jose Manuel Sanz-Mengibar /
  • Fernando Santonja-Renedo /
  • Pilar Andújar-Ortuño /
  • Mónica Collazo-Diéguez /
  • Vicente Ferrer-López /
  • Joaquín Roca-González /
  • Konstantsin Sergeevich Kurochka /
  • Mercedes Cabañero-Castillo /
  • Joaquín Alcaraz-Belzunces /
  • Nieves Aidé Ruiz-Cambra /
  • Victoria Eugenia Fuentes-Santos /
  • Ana Belén Ponce-Garrido /
  • Miriam González-Ballester /
  • Francisco Javier Sánchez-Martínez /
  • Andrés Campuzano-Melgarejo /
  • Pietro Gino Fiorita /
  • Fernando Santonja-Medina
Journal ar
Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 3
  • Fecha: 01 March 2022
  • Páginas: 1706-1715
  • ISSN: 22234306 22234292
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.21037/qims-21-575
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: AME Publishing Company
© 2022 AME Publishing Company. All rights reserved.Background: Axial vertebral rotation and Cobb's angle are essential parameters for analysing adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This study's scope evaluates the validity and absolute reliability of application software based on a new mathematical equation to determine the axial vertebral rotation in digital X-rays according to Raimondi's method in evaluators with different degrees of experience. Methods: Twelve independent evaluators with different experience levels measured 33 scoliotic curves in 21 X-rays with the software on three separate occasions, separated one month. Using the same methodology, the observers re-measured the same radiographic studies three months later but on X-ray films and in a conventional way. Results: Both methods show good validity and reliability, and the intraclass correlation coefficients are almost perfect. According to our results, the software increases 1.7 times the validity and 1.9 times the absolute reliability of axial vertebral rotation on digital X-rays according to Raimondi's method, compared to the conventional manual measurement. Conclusions: The intra-group and inter-group agreement of the measurements with the software shows equal or minor variations than with the manual method, among the different measurement sessions and in the three experience groups. There is almost perfect agreement between the two measurement methods, so the equation and the software may be helpful to increase the accuracy in the axial vertebral rotation assessment.

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