Turbidity and chemical oxygen demand reduction from pig slurry through a coagulation flocculation process

Journal ar
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 11
  • Fecha: 01 November 2021
  • ISSN: 20734395
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11112158
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Pig slurry is considered a high-risk effluent that causes several environmental problems if it is not adequately managed and treated. White Iberian pig farms in the southeast of Spain treat their slurry in situ using separation, double filtration, decantation, and constructed wetland treatments. However, the pretreatment process does not successfully reduce solids, which leads to clogging in the constructed wetlands (CWs). The main objective of this research paper is to reduce the turbidity and chemical oxygen demand (COD) from the effluent to make it appropriate for CW treatment. Optimization of the coagulation¿flocculation (CF) process using iron chloride and a cationic flocculent DKFLOCC-1598 was investigated by a central composite design method (CCD). The effects of coagulant concentration, pH, and flocculent on the COD and turbidity removal were evaluated. The best results were found using 0.024 mol L¿1 iron chloride and 0.164 mL L¿1 flocculent at pH 7.5, which reduced COD by 96% and delivered turbidity removal of 97%. Therefore, the results indicate the high efficiency of the treatment method in reducing the COD and suspended solids.

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