Simultaneous determination of four fertility-related hormones in saliva using disposable multiplexed immunoplatforms coupled to a custom-designed and field-portable potentiostat

Journal ar
Analytical Methods
  • Volumen: 13
  • Número: 31
  • Fecha: 21 August 2021
  • Páginas: 3471-3478
  • ISSN: 17599679 17599660
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1039/d1ay01074c
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.This work reports the first amperometric immunosensor for the simultaneous determination of four fertility-related hormones in saliva: progesterone (P4), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), and prolactin (PRL). The immune platform involves direct competitive (P4 and E2), and sandwich (LH and PRL) assays implemented onto functionalized magnetic microbeads (MBs). The amperometric transduction was performed upon placing the MBs-immunoconjugates onto each of the four working electrodes of the SPCE array (SP4CEs) and applying a detection potential of -0.20 V (vs. Ag pseudo-reference electrode) using the H2O2/hydroquinone (HQ) system. The achieved analytical and operational characteristics of the developed multiplexed immunoplatform showed a sensitivity that allows the determination of these hormones in saliva, and an adequate selectivity to analyse complex clinical samples. The bioplatform was employed for the determination of the set of four hormones in human saliva samples collected from individuals with different hormonal profiles. The results obtained using a conventional potentiostat were compared with those provided employing a novel low-cost custom-designed and field-portable quadruple potentiostat. Similar results were found which also agreed with those obtained by applying ELISA methods for the determination of single hormones. This journal is

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