Article

Changes in bacterial and fungal soil communities in long-term organic cropping systems

  • Jessica Cuartero /
  • Onurcan özbolat /
  • Virginia Sánchez-Navarro /
  • Marcos Egea-Cortines /
  • Raúl Zornoza /
  • Loredana Canfora /
  • Luigi Orrù /
  • Jose Antonio Pascual /
  • Juana María Vivo /
  • Margarita Ros
Journal ar
Agriculture (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 01 January 2021
  • ISSN: 20770472
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/agriculture11050445
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).Long-term organic farming aims to reduce synthetic fertilizer and pesticide use in order to sustainably produce and improve soil quality. To do this, there is a need for more information about the soil microbial community, which plays a key role in a sustainable agriculture. In this paper, we assessed the long-term effects of two organic and one conventional cropping systems on the soil microbial community structure using high-throughput sequencing analysis, as well as the link between these communities and the changes in the soil properties and crop yield. The results showed that the crop yield was similar among the three cropping systems. The microbial community changed according to cropping system. Organic cultivation with manure compost and compost tea (Org_C) showed a change in the bacterial community associated with an improved soil carbon and nutrient content. A linear discriminant analysis effect size showed different bacteria and fungi as key microorganisms for each of the three different cropping systems, for conventional systems (Conv), different microorganisms such as Nesterenkonia, Galbibacter, Gramella, Limnobacter, Pseudoalteromonas, Pantoe, and Sporobolomyces were associated with pesticides, while for Org_C and organic cultivation with manure (Org_M), other types of microorganisms were associated with organic amendments with different functions, which, in some cases, reduce soil borne pathogens. However, further investigations such as functional approaches or network analyses are need to better understand the mechanisms behind this behavior.

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