Article

Who smokes in europe? Data from 12 european countries in the tackshs survey (2017¿2018)

  • Silvano Gallus /
  • Alessandra Lugo /
  • Xiaoqiu Liu /
  • Panagiotis Behrakis /
  • Roberto Boffi /
  • Cristina Bosetti /
  • Giulia Carreras /
  • Liliane Chatenoud /
  • Luke Clancy /
  • Xavier Continente /
  • Ruaraidh Dobson /
  • Tobias Effertz /
  • Filippos T. Filippidis /
  • Marcela Fu /
  • Gergana Geshanova /
  • Giuseppe Gorini /
  • Sheila Keogan /
  • Hristo Ivanov /
  • María J. Lopez /
  • Angel Lopez-Nicolas /
  • José Precioso /
  • Krzysztof Przewozniak /
  • Cornel Radu-Loghin /
  • Ario Ruprecht /
  • Sean Semple /
  • Joan B. Soriano /
  • Polina Starchenko /
  • Marta Trapero-Bertran /
  • Olena Tigova /
  • Anna S. Tzortzi /
  • Constantine Vardavas /
  • Vergina K. Vyzikidou /
  • Paolo Colombo /
  • Esteve Fernandez
Journal ar
Journal of Epidemiology
  • Volumen: 31
  • Número: 2
  • Fecha: 01 January 2021
  • Páginas: 145-151
  • ISSN: 13499092 09175040
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.2188/jea.JE20190344
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Japan Epidemiology Association
© 2020 Silvano Gallus et al.Background: Population data on tobacco use and its determinants require continuous monitoring and careful inter-country comparison. We aimed to provide the most up-to-date estimates on tobacco smoking from a large cross-sectional survey, conducted in selected European countries. Methods: Within the TackSHS Project, a face-to-face survey on smoking was conducted in 2017¿2018 in 12 countries: Bulgaria, England, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Spain, representing around 80% of the 432 million European Union (EU) adult population. In each country, a representative sample of around 1,000 subjects aged 15 years and older was interviewed, for a total of 11,902 participants. Results: Overall, 25.9% of participants were current smokers (31.0% of men and 21.2% of women, P < 0.001), while 16.5% were former smokers. Smoking prevalence ranged from 18.9% in Italy to 37.0% in Bulgaria. It decreased with increasing age (compared to <45, multivariable odds ratio [OR] for ¿65 year, 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.27¿0.36), level of education (OR for low vs high, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.17¿1.48) and self-rated household economic level (OR for low vs high, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.74¿2.42). The same patterns were found in both sexes. Conclusions: These smoking prevalence estimates represent the most up-to-date evidence in Europe. From them, it can be derived that there are more than 112 million current smokers in the EU-28. Lower socio-economic status is a major determinant of smoking habit in both sexes.

Author keywords

    Indexed keywords

      Funding details