The influence of feedstocks and additives in 23 added-value composts as a growing media component on Pythium irregulare suppressivity

  • Alicia Hernández-Lara /
  • Margarita Ros /
  • María Dolores Pérez-Murcia /
  • María ángeles Bustamante /
  • Raul Moral /
  • Francisco Javier Andreu-Rodríguez /
  • Juan A. Fernández /
  • Catalina Egea-Gilabert /
  • José Antonio Pascual
Journal ar
Waste Management
  • Volumen: 120
  • Fecha: 01 February 2021
  • Páginas: 351-363
  • ISSN: 18792456 0956053X
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2020.11.053
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
© 2020 Elsevier LtdAlternative materials with added-value functions, such as phytopathogen suppression and biostimulant and/or biofertilising activity, have been proposed as peat substitutes in growing media. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of 23 agro-industrial composts as components of growing media for baby-leaf lettuce transplant production and their activity against the plant pathogen Pythium irregulare. The composts were produced by mixing different starting feedstocks¿tomato waste, leek waste, olive mill cake and vineyard pruning waste¿with different additives (coffee, thyme, lavender and rockrose waste), which were incorporated at the beginning of the maturation phase. The results obtained indicated that the composts were mature enough to be used as growing media. The fresh weight of the lettuce plants grown with the different composts was significantly higher than in plants obtained with peat. Composts with the coffee additive produced higher lettuce fresh weight, while those with thyme yielded a lower fresh weight. Moreover, composts as components of growing media showed significantly higher P. irregulare suppressiveness than peat. The composts with additives produced lower lettuce fresh weight than composts without additives, but showed higher suppressiveness. Composts with additives showed opposite results depending on whether they were exposed to pathogens or not. Composts with additives showed opposite results according to pathogen pressure or not. Out of all the composts studied, the compost with tomato waste and leek waste as the initial feedstock, and lavender as an additive, showed the highest suppressive capacity. After lettuce harvesting, the growing media with composts showed significantly lower concentrations of P. irregulare than peat. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) revealed that the growing media with compost can be grouped together according to the additive type

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