Article

Raptor feeding characterization and dynamic system simulation applied to airport falconry

Journal ar
Sustainability (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 21
  • Fecha: 01 November 2020
  • Páginas: 1-21
  • ISSN: 20711050
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/su12218920
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AGdiversity@mdpi.com
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Airport falconry is a highly effective technique for reducing wildlife strikes on aircraft, which cause great economic losses. As an example, nowadays, wildlife strikes on aircrafts in the air transport industry are estimated to cost between USD 187 and 937 million in the US and USD 1.2 billion worldwide every year. Moreover, the life-threatening danger that wildlife strikes pose to passengers has prompted security stakeholders to develop countermeasures to prevent wildlife impacts near airport transit zones. The experience acquired from international countermeasure analysis reveals that falconry is the most effective technique to create sustainable wildlife exclusion areas. However, its application in airport environments continues to be regarded as an art rather than a technique; falconers modulate raptors¿ behavior by using a trial-and-error system of controlling their hunger to stimulate the need for prey. This paper focuses on a case study where such a decision-making process was designed as a dynamic system applied to feeding planning for raptors that can be used to set an efficient baseline to optimize raptor responses without damaging existing wildlife. The results were validated by comparing the outputs of the model and the falconer¿s trial-and-error system, which revealed that the proposed model was 58.15% more precise.

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