Bioaccumulation and Toxicity of Organic Chemicals in Terrestrial Invertebrates

  • M. Nazaret González-Alcaraz /
  • Catarina Malheiro /
  • Diogo N. Cardoso /
  • Marija Prodana /
  • Rui G. Morgado /
  • Cornelis A.m. Van Gestel /
  • Susana Loureiro
Book Series ch
Handbook of Environmental Chemistry
  • Volumen: 100
  • Fecha: 01 January 2020
  • Páginas: 149-189
  • ISSN: 1867979X
  • Source Type: Book Series
  • DOI: 10.1007/698_2020_511
  • Document Type: Chapter
  • Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland
© 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.Terrestrial invertebrates are key components in ecosystems, with crucial roles in soil structure, functioning, and ecosystem services. The present chapter covers how terrestrial invertebrates are impacted by organic chemicals, focusing on up-to-date information regarding bioavailability, exposure routes and general concepts on bioaccumulation, toxicity, and existing models. Terrestrial invertebrates are exposed to organic chemicals through different routes, which are dependent on both the organismal traits and nature of exposure, including chemical properties and media characteristics. Bioaccumulation and toxicity data for several groups of organic chemicals are presented and discussed, attempting to cover plant protection products (herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and molluscicides), veterinary and human pharmaceuticals, polycyclic aromatic compounds, polychlorinated biphenyls, flame retardants, and personal care products. Chemical mixtures are also discussed bearing in mind that chemicals appear simultaneously in the environment. The biomagnification of organic chemicals is considered in light of the consumption of terrestrial invertebrates as novel feed and food sources. This chapter highlights how science has contributed with data from the last 5 years, providing evidence on bioavailability, bioaccumulation, and toxicity derived from exposure to organic chemicals, including insights into the main challenges and shortcomings to extrapolate results to real exposure scenarios.

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