Effect of temperature on geopolymer and Portland cement composites modified with Micro-encapsulated Phase Change materials

  • Shima Pilehvar /
  • Susana G. Sanfelix /
  • Anna M. Szczotok /
  • Juan Francisco Rodríguez /
  • Luca Valentini /
  • Marcos Lanzón /
  • Ramón Pamies /
  • Anna Lena Kjøniksen
Journal ar
Construction and Building Materials
  • Volumen: 252
  • Fecha: 20 August 2020
  • ISSN: 09500618
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119055
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
© 2020 The Author(s)To reduce pollution and global warming, the energy consumption needs to be decreased. Incorporation of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) into building materials can help lower the energy needed to cool and warm buildings, while keeping the indoor temperature at a comfortable level. However, incorporation of PCMs into construction materials alter their performance. In this study, the effect of temperature and addition of two different Micro-encapsulated Phase Change Materials (MPCM) to geopolymer concrete (GPC) and Portland cement concrete (PCC) and pastes was investigated. The samples were examined both below (20 °C) and above (40 °C) the melting points of the PCMs. While the MPCM is not damaged by the alkaline solution, a few microcapsules are broken during the mixing process. Isothermal calorimetry shows that MPCM addition slows down the reaction rate of both geopolymer and Portland cement paste. The setting times were faster when the temperature was increased. The mechanical properties are reduced when MPCM is added to GPC and PCC, although the compressive strength is adequate for building applications. Microstructural studies show more uniform and undamaged edges in the shell-concrete matrix transition zone of GPC than PCC. The samples cured at 40 °C exhibits more air voids in both GPC and PCC than at 20 °C.

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