3D printed personalized corneal models as a tool for improving patient's knowledge of an asymmetric disease

Journal ar
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2020
  • ISSN: 20738994
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/sym12010151
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2020 by the authors.Additive manufacturing is a vanguard technology that is currently being used in several fields in medicine. This study aims to evaluate the viability in clinical practice of a patient-specific 3D model that helps to improve the strategies of the doctor-patient assistance. Data obtained from a corneal topographer were used to make a virtual 3D model by using CAD software, to later print this model by FDM and get an exact replica of each patient's cornea in consultation. Used CAD and printing software were open-source, and the printing material was biodegradable and its cost was low. Clinic users gave their feedback by means of a survey about their feelings when perceiving with their senses their own printed cornea. There was 82 surveyed, 73.8% (9.74; SD: 0.45) of them considered that the model had helped them a lot to understand their disease, expressing 100% of them their intention of taking home the printed model. The majority highlighted that this new concept improves both quality and clinical service in consultation. Custom-made individualized printed models allow a new patient-oriented perspective that may improve the communication strategy from the ophthalmologist to the patient, easing patient's understanding of their asymmetric disease and its later treatment.

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