In vitro lead tolerance and accumulation in three Chrysanthemum cultivars for phytoremediation purposes with ornamental plants

Journal ar
International Journal of Phytoremediation
  • Volumen: 22
  • Número: 11
  • Fecha: 18 September 2020
  • Páginas: 1110-1121
  • ISSN: 15497879 15226514
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1080/15226514.2020.1731730
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Taylor and Francis Inc.325 Chestnut St, Suite 800PhiladelphiaPA 19106
© 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.The use of ornamental plants for the phytoremediation of potentially toxic elements in polluted soils is an interesting task. It makes possible to combine environmental restoration, re-use of land, and the production of goods and services of economic interest. In this work, in vitro experiments using three cultivars of Chrysanthemum (Asteraceae) were carried out with 0, 300, 600, 900, and 1500 mg/kg of lead concentrations for a period of 12 weeks. The objective was to obtain data about their lead tolerance and bioaccumulation capacity in order to know their potential as phytoremediators in a densely populated Caribbean area of the Dominican Republic with a high concentration of lead in soils. The variations in biomass, root growth as well as accumulation of this element in the plants were measured. The results suggest that the three cultivars have a good potential for phytoextraction at moderate pollution levels, as they showed a good bioaccumulation of lead, which had mild effects on their biomass production and root elongation. Additional studies should be carried out to assess their effectiveness as phytoextractors under field conditions, as well as other alternative uses that could generate esthetic, environmental, and/or economic benefits for tropical areas contaminated by Pb.

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