Analysis of power system inertia estimation in high wind power plant integration scenarios

Journal ar
IET Renewable Power Generation
  • Volumen: 13
  • Número: 15
  • Fecha: 18 November 2019
  • Páginas: 2807-2816
  • ISSN: 17521424 17521416
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2019.0220
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Institution of Engineering and
© The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2019.Nowadays, power system inertia is changing as a consequence of replacing conventional units by renewable energy sources, mainly wind and photovoltaic power plants. This fact affects significantly the grid frequency response under power imbalances. As a result, new frequency control strategies for renewable plants are being developed to emulate the behaviour of conventional power plants under such contingencies. These approaches are usually called 'virtual inertia emulation techniques'. In this study, an analysis of power system inertia estimation from frequency excursions is carried out by considering different inertia estimation methodologies, discussing the applicability and coherence of these methodologies under the new supply-side circumstances. The modelled power system involves conventional units and wind power plants including wind frequency control strategies in line with current mix generation scenarios. Results show that all methodologies considered provide an accurate result to estimate the equivalent inertia based on rotational generation units directly connected to the grid. However, significant discrepancies are found when frequency control strategies are included in wind power plants decoupled from the grid. In this way, authors consider that it is necessary to define alternative inertia estimation methodologies by including virtual inertia emulation. Extensive discussion and results are also provided in this study.

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