Validation of electroencephalographic recordings obtained with a consumer-grade, single dry electrode, low-cost device: a comparative study

  • Héctor Rieiro /
  • Carolina Diaz-Piedra /
  • José Miguel Morales /
  • Andrés Catena /
  • Samuel Romero /
  • Joaquin Roca Gonzalez /
  • Luis J. Fuentes /
  • Leandro L. Di Stasi
Journal ar
Sensors (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 19
  • Número: 12
  • Fecha: 02 June 2019
  • ISSN: 14248220
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/s19122808
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.The functional validity of the signal obtained with low-cost electroencephalography (EEG) devices is still under debate. Here, we have conducted an in-depth comparison of the EEG-recordings obtained with a medical-grade golden-cup electrodes ambulatory device, the SOMNOwatch + EEG-6, vs those obtained with a consumer-grade, single dry electrode low-cost device, the Neuro Sky Mind Wave, one of the most affordable devices currently available. We recorded EEG signals at Fp1 using the two different devices simultaneously on 21 participants who underwent two experimental phases: A 12-minute resting state task (alternating two cycles of closed/open eyes periods), followed by 60-minute virtual-driving task. We evaluated the EEG recording quality by comparing the similarity between the temporal data series, their spectra, their signal-to-noise ratio, the reliability of EEG measurements (comparing the closed eyes periods), as well as their blink detection rate. We found substantial agreement between signals: Whereas, qualitatively, the Neuro Sky Mind Wave presented higher levels of noise and a biphasic shape of blinks, the similarity metric indicated that signals from both recording devices were significantly correlated. While the Neuro Sky Mind Wave was less reliable, both devices had a similar blink detection rate. Overall, the Neuro Sky Mind Wave is noise-limited, but provides stable recordings even through long periods of time. Furthermore, its data would be of adequate quality compared to that of conventional wet electrode EEG devices, except for a potential calibration error and spectral differences at low frequencies.

Author keywords

    Indexed keywords

      Funding details