Compliance of a generic type 3 WT model with the Spanish grid code

  • Raquel Villena-Ruiz /
  • Francisco Jiménez-Buendía /
  • Andrés Honrubia-Escribano /
  • ángel Molina-García /
  • Emilio Gómez-Lázaro
Journal ar
  • Volumen: 12
  • Número: 9
  • Fecha: 01 January 2019
  • ISSN: 19961073
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/en12091631
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI
© 2019 by the authors.The expansion of wind power around the world poses a new challenge that network operators must overcome, namely the integration of this renewable energy source into the grid. Comprehensive analyses involving time-domain simulations must be carried out to plan network operation and ensure power supply. In light of the above, and with the aim of extending the use of the wind turbine models developed by Standard IEC 61400-27-1 and assessing their performance according to national grid code requirements, an IEC Type 3 wind turbine model has been submitted for the first time to Spanish grid code PO 12.3. Indeed, there is a lack of studies submitting generic wind turbine models to national grid code requirements. The model's behavior is compared with field measurements of an actual Gamesa G52 machine and with its detailed simulation model. The outcomes obtained have been comprehensively analyzed and the results of the validation criteria highlight that several modeling modifications, in the cases of non-compliance, must be implemented in the IEC-developed Type 3 model in order to comply with PO 12.3. Nevertheless, the results also show that when the transformer inrush current is not considered, the reactive power response of the generic Type 3 WT model meets the validation criteria, thus complying with Spanish PO 12.3.

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