PV module monitoring system based on low-cost solutions: Wireless raspberry application and assessment

Journal ar
  • Volumen: 11
  • Número: 11
  • Fecha: 01 November 2018
  • ISSN: 19961073
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/en11113051
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AG Postfach Basel CH-4005
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The integration of renewables into power systems has led to multiple studies and analysis in terms of grid-power quality, reliability, and/or feasibility. Among different resources to be considered as alternative energy systems, wind and solar emerge as the most mature technologies. With regard to photovoltaic (PV) installations, monitoring problems requires detailed analysis, since solar-radiation fluctuations, soiling on solar panels, or deficiency of PV-panel performance can involve unexpected power-output oscillations and, subsequently, undesirable power-generation oscillations. Under this framework, this paper describes and assesses a wireless low-cost PV-module monitoring system based on open-source solutions. Our proposal allows us to monitor installations at the PV-module level, giving detailed information regarding PV power-plant performance. The proposed monitoring system is based on the IEC-61724 standard requirements, as a flexible and ad hoc solution with relevant connectivity options. Meteorological and electrical data are collected from the developed nodes and available for subsequent analysis. Detailed information of the solution, as well as extensive results collected in Spanish PV power plants connected to the grid, are also included in the paper.

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