Chemical sensors from the cooperative actuation of multistep electrochemical molecular machines of polypyrrole: Potentiostatic study. Trying to replicate muscle's fatigue signals

Journal ar
Smart Materials and Structures
  • Volumen: 27
  • Número: 7
  • Fecha: 05 June 2018
  • ISSN: 1361665X 09641726
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-665X/aaa310
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
© 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd. Polypyrrole film electrodes are constituted by multielectronic electrochemical molecular machines (every polymeric molecule) counterions and water, mimicking the intracellular matrix of muscular cells. The influence of the electrolyte concentration on the reversible oxidation/reduction of polypyrrole films was studied in NaCl aqueous solutions by consecutive square potential waves. The consumed redox charge and the consumed electrical energy change as a function of the concentration. That means that the extension (the consumed charge) of the reaction involving conformational, or allosteric, movements of the reacting polymeric chains (molecular machines) responds to (senses) the chemical energy of the reaction ambient. A theoretical description of the attained empirical results is presented getting the sensing equations and the concomitant sensitivities. Those results could indicate the origin and nature of the neural signals sent to the brain from biological haptic muscles working by cooperative actuation of the actin-myosin molecular machines driven by chemical reactions and sensing, simultaneously, the fatigue state of the muscle.

Author keywords

    Indexed keywords

      Funding details