Article

Algerian carob tree products: A comprehensive valorization analysis and future prospects

Journal ar
Sustainability (Switzerland)
  • Volumen: 10
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2018
  • ISSN: 20711050
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/su10010090
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AGPostfachBaselCH-4005
© 2017 by the authors.This research presents a thorough analysis of the nutrients and anti-nutrients contained in different products from Algerian carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua L. (pod, pulp, seeds and leaves). Other parameters such as moisture, ash content and calorific value were also determined. The main purpose was to characterize these products derived from carob tree and analyze their possible valorization in several fields such as chemical, energy or medical industries. The results show that these products contain low amount of crude lipids (2.4-4.5%), moderate amounts of protein (4-7.4%) and high levels of total sugar (up to 66.6%). The compositional analysis reveals high nutritional values but, at the same time, it is also worth underscoring their high content in anti-nutrients: (i) trypsin inhibitor (6.4-7.3 mg·g-1); and (ii) phytic acid (0.6-0.94 mg·g-1). This work quantifies these two secondary metabolites in carob tree products for the first time. Finally, based on the results obtained, a process scheme is proposed for the complete use of carob tree products, including the use of anti-nutrients (trypsin inhibitors and phytic acid) for bio-medical applications since many research studies support that these compounds have great potential in this field.

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