Early to mid-Holocene spatiotemporal vegetation changes and tsunami impact in a paradigmatic coastal transitional system (Doñana National Park, southwestern Europe)

  • Saúl Manzano /
  • José S. Carrión /
  • Lourdes López-Merino /
  • Juan Ochando /
  • Manuel Munuera /
  • Santiago Fernández /
  • Penélope González-Sampériz
Journal ar
Global and Planetary Change
  • Volumen: 161
  • Fecha: 01 February 2018
  • Páginas: 66-81
  • ISSN: 09218181
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.12.013
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
© 2017The southern European Doñana wetlands host a highly biodiverse landscape mosaic of complex transitional ecosystems. It is one of the largest protected natural sites in Europe, nowadays endangered by intensive agricultural practices, and more recently tourism and human-induced fires. Its present-day spatial heterogeneity has been deeply investigated for the last three decades. However, a long-term perspective has not been applied systematically to this unique landscape. In this new study, a palaeoecological approach was selected in order to unravel patterns of landscape dynamism comparing dry upland and aquatic ecosystems. A 709 cm-long sediment core was retrieved and a multi-proxy approach applied (palynological, microcharcoal, grain size, magnetic susceptibility, loss-on-ignition and multivariate statistical analyses). Pollen signatures show how sensitive aquatic wetland vegetation was to environmental changes while terrestrial vegetation was stable at millennial scale. The impact of several high energy events punctuates the Early and Middle Holocene sequence, two of which relate to the local tsunami record (~ 6.6 and ~ 9.1 cal. kyr BP). Contrasting impacts of these two events in the aquatic and upland ecosystems show the importance of landscape configuration and the contingent history as key elements for coastal protection.

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