Effects of soil and climate in a table grape vineyard with cover crops. Irrigation management using sensors networks

Journal ar
Ciencia e Tecnica Vitivinicola
  • Volumen: 32
  • Número: 1
  • Fecha: 01 January 2017
  • Páginas: 72-81
  • ISSN: 24163953 02540223
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1051/ctv/20173201072
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Investigacao Agraria e das Pescas
The use of mulches in vineyards and orchards is a traditional agricultural practice used with the aim of saving moisture, reducing weed growth and improving organic matter content in the soil. In table grape vineyards trained to overhead system in Puglia region (Southeastern Italy), plastic sheets covering the canopy are often used to either advance ripening or delay harvest. In this environment, the living mulches could contribute to the modification of the microclimate around the canopy below the plastic sheets. This condition has an influence on the climatic demand and on both the vegetative and productive activities, mainly in stages with a high evapotranspiration. However, the presence of living mulches could increase the demand of available water and nutrient resources and this could cause a lower yield. The aim of this study was to acquire a suitable knowledge to manage irrigation and verify the influences of living mulches on the vine by using wireless sensor networks to measure the vapor pressure deficit, soil water potential and content.

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