Dependency-aware clustering of time series and its application on energy markets

Journal ar
  • Volumen: 9
  • Número: 10
  • Fecha: 01 October 2016
  • ISSN: 19961073
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/en9100809
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AG Postfach Basel CH-4005
© 2016 by the authors. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for clustering time series, which combines three well-known aspects: a permutation-based coding of the time series, several distance measurements for discrete distributions and hierarchical clustering using different linkages. The proposed method classifies a set of time series into homogeneous groups, according to the degree of dependency among them. That is, time series with a high level of dependency will lie in the same cluster. Moreover, taking into account the nature of the codifying process, the method allows us to detect linear and nonlinear dependences. To illustrate the procedure, a set of fourteen electricity price series coming from different wholesale electricity markets worldwide was analyzed. We show that the classification results are consistent with the characteristics of the electricity markets in the study and with their degree of integration. Besides, we outline the necessity of removing the seasonal component of the price series before the analysis and the capability of the method to detect changes in the dependence level along time.

Author keywords

    Indexed keywords

      Funding details