Efficient variational approach to multimodal registration of anatomical and functional intra-patient tumorous brain data

Journal ar
International Journal of Neural Systems
  • Volumen: 27
  • Número: 6
  • Fecha: 01 September 2017
  • ISSN: 01290657
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1142/S0129065717500149
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte
© 2017 World Scientific Publishing Company.This paper addresses the functional localization of intra-patient images of the brain. Functional images of the brain (fMRI and PET) provide information about brain function and metabolism whereas anatomical images (MRI and CT) supply the localization of structures with high spatial resolution. The goal is to find the geometric correspondence between functional and anatomical images in order to complement and fuse the information provided by each imaging modality. The proposed approach is based on a variational formulation of the image registration problem in the frequency domain. It has been implemented as a C/C + + library which is invoked from a GUI. This interface is routinely used in the clinical setting by physicians for research purposes (Inscanner, Alicante, Spain), and may be used as well for diagnosis and surgical planning. The registration of anatomic and functional intra-patient images of the brain makes it possible to obtain a geometric correspondence which allows for the localization of the functional processes that occur in the brain. Through 18 clinical experiments, it has been demonstrated how the proposed approach outperforms popular state-of-the-art registration methods in terms of efficiency, information theory-based measures (such as mutual information) and actual registration error (distance in space of corresponding landmarks).

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