Temperature effects on the stability of gold nanoparticles in the presence of a cationic thermoresponsive copolymer

  • Ramón Pamies /
  • Kaizheng Zhu /
  • Anna Lena Kjøniksen /
  • Bo Nyström
Journal ar
Journal of Nanoparticle Research
  • Volumen: 18
  • Número: 11
  • Fecha: 01 November 2016
  • ISSN: 1572896X 13880764
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11051-016-3627-3
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. New hybrid complexes composed by a thermoresponsive copolymer and gold nanoparticles (Rh = 22 nm) have been characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and UV-visible spectroscopy. A cationic thermoresponsive triblock copolymer, methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-poly((3-acrylamidopropyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride), abbreviated as MPEG-b-PNIPAAM-b-PN(+), has been synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). We have evaluated the thermal response at low concentrations of this triblock copolymer in bulk solution and the effect of concentration on the interaction between this thermosensitive copolymer and the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to form new hybrid complexes (60¿1000 nm) at different temperatures. The thermosensitive nature of the copolymer causes both aggregation and contraction of the aggregates at elevated temperatures. The AuNPs were found to be separately embedded in the hybrid complexes. Interestingly, the AuNPs prevent macroscopic phase separation of the system at high temperatures. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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