Article

Behaviour of reinforced concrete rectangular sections based on tests complying with seismic construction requirements

Journal ar
Structural Concrete
  • Volumen: 17
  • Número: 4
  • Fecha: 01 December 2016
  • Páginas: 656-667
  • ISSN: 17517648 14644177
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1002/suco.201500107
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwellinfo@wiley.com
Copyright © 2016 Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, BerlinThe prediction of the seismic behaviour of reinforced concrete elements using numerical models has become a field of growing interest in recent years due to the importance of the effects induced by seismic loads applied to reinforced concrete structures. The simulation of the hysteretic behaviour of the plastic hinges generated in the structure when the seismic load acts requires the use of models that are able to describe the sectional behaviour of structural members. Thus, the main objective of the present paper is the adjustment of several empirical expressions that reduce the computational time needed to simulate the yield and ultimate behaviour of a given reinforced concrete rectangular section under either monotonic or cyclic loading. The expressions are calibrated with a selection of tests, taken from a published database of more than 1000 tests, according to the criterion that the selected specimens comply with the seismic construction requirements of the main international building codes (EC-2, EC-8 and ACI-318). Owing to their robustness and the acceptable computation time for low-dimensional problems, genetic algorithms are used for this calibration. The equations proposed can be employed by structural engineers for the design and analysis of actual structural elements used in ordinary reinforced concrete buildings located in seismic areas, and provide more accurate results than other expressions.

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