Assessment of metals behaviour in industrial soil using sequential extraction, multivariable analysis and a geostatistical approach

Journal ar
Journal of Geochemical Exploration
  • Volumen: 172
  • Fecha: 01 January 2017
  • Páginas: 174-183
  • ISSN: 03756742
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.10.015
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
© 2016 The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the degree of Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd, Cr and Ni pollution using pollution indexes and geostatistical approach, and to assess metals dynamic using sequential extraction procedure and multivariable statistical analysis in surface soils and soil profiles from an industrial complex as a base for a correct management in order to avoid health and environmental problems. Results showed that the industrial activity increases both Pb (103 mg kg¿ 1), Zn (526 mg kg¿ 1) and Cu (39 mg kg¿ 1) concentrations and salinity in soil. Pollution indexes showed that industrial soils were moderately contaminated by Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr and Ni as well as a moderate ecological risk was reported. Two main areas were identified: southeast area with the highest metal concentrations, and northwest area with the lowest levels. Chemical speciation of metals showed that the residual phase was the dominant phase for all metals. However, Pb and Zn were highly associated to the reducible phase (25¿30% and 35¿40% respectively) and a significant concentration was associated to carbonates (5% for both metals). In contrast, Cu, Cr and Ni were mainly bound to the residual phase (> 80% for all metals) with low concentrations retained to reducible phase, and very low concentrations bound to the most labile phases. Cd was the most mobile metal with high concentration associated to exchangeable (5%) and carbonates (15¿20%) phases. Therefore, Pb, Zn and Cd represent the greatest risk for human health and the environment.

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