Article

Influence of the ionic liquid type on the gel polymer electrolytes properties

Journal ar
Membranes
  • Volumen: 5
  • Número: 4
  • Fecha: 19 November 2015
  • Páginas: 752-771
  • ISSN: 20770375
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.3390/membranes5040752
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: MDPI AG Postfach Basel CH-4005
© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Gel Polymer Electrolytes (GPEs) composed by ZnTf2 salt, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-HFP), and different ionic liquids are synthesized using n-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvent. Three different imidazolium-based ionic liquids containing diverse cations and anions have been explored. Structural and electrical properties of the GPEs varying the ZnTf2 concentration are analyzed by ATR-FTIR, DSC, TG, and cyclic voltammetry. Free salt IL-GPEs present distinct behavior because they are influenced by the different IL cations and anions composition. However, inclusion of ZnTf2 salt inside the polymers provide GPEs with very similar characteristics, pointing out that ionic transport properties are principally caused by Zn2+ and triflate movement. Whatever the IL used, the presence of NMP solvent inside the polymer¿s matrix turns out to be a key factor for improving the Zn2+ transport inside the GPE due to the interaction between Zn2+ cations and carbonyl groups of the NMP. High values of ionic conductivity, low activation energy values, and good voltammetric reversibility obtained regardless of the ionic liquid used enable these GPEs to be applied in Zn batteries. Capacities of 110-120 mAh·g¿1 have been obtained for Zn/IL-GPE/MnO2 batteries discharged at ¿1 mA·cm¿2.

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