Tin- and lead-based perovskite solar cells under scrutiny: An environmental perspective

  • Lucia Serrano-Lujan /
  • Nieves Espinosa /
  • Thue Trofod Larsen-Olsen /
  • Jose Abad /
  • Antonio Urbina /
  • Frederik C. Krebs
Journal ar
Advanced Energy Materials
  • Volumen: 5
  • Número: 20
  • Fecha: 01 January 2015
  • ISSN: 16146840 16146832
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201501119
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Wiley-VCH
© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.The effect of substituting lead with tin in perovskite-based solar cells (PSCs) has shows that lead is preferred over tin by a lower cumulative energy demand. The results, which also include end-of-life management, show that a recycling scenario that carefully handles emission of lead enables use of lead in PSCs with little environmental impact. All other scenarios result in catastrophic emission of lead to the environment that would spell an end to widespread use of lead in PSCs.

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