Relationships among electrical conductivity measurements during saline irrigation of potted osteospermum and their effects on plant growth

Journal ar
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology
  • Volumen: 90
  • Número: 5
  • Fecha: 01 January 2015
  • Páginas: 571-577
  • ISSN: 14620316
  • Source Type: Journal
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Headley Brothers Ltd
© 2015, Headley Brothers Ltd. All rights reserved. Potted Osteospermum hybrida plants grown in a greenhouse during the Winter were irrigated with water having electrical conductivities (EC) of 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5 or 5.0 dS m-1. The following relationships were studied in order to improve the management of saline irrigation systems using soil moisture and EC sensors: pore water EC (ECPW) using the pour-through method (ECPWPT) vs. ECPW estimated using a GS3 sensor (ECPWGS3); ECPWPT vs. bulk EC (ECB); ECPWPT vs. leachate EC (ECL); and ECPWGS3vs. ECB. The tolerance of Osteospermum plants to salinity was also determined. Bulk EC, ECPWGS3, and ECL values were closely and positively correlated with ECPWPT. ECL over-estimated ECPWPT, while ECPWGS3 underestimated ECPWPT. Estimation of ECPWGS3 (by the Hilhorst Model) was not accurate due to the influences of humidity, salinity, and temperature. The higher the irrigation water EC (ECIW), the greater the variability in all measurements made of EC. Increases in ECIW reduced plant height, diminished the aerial dry biomass, and encouraged the presence of basal leaves with necrotic damage. These results highlight the moderate salinity tolerance of Osteospermum, which was related to the efficient accumulation of Cl-and Na+ ions in its leaves.

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