Influence of population density on the concentration and speciation of metals in the soil and street dust from urban areas

Journal ar
  • Volumen: 134
  • Fecha: 01 January 2015
  • Páginas: 328-337
  • ISSN: 18791298 00456535
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.04.038
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Street dust and soil from high, medium and low populated cities and natural area were analysed for selected physical-chemical properties, total and chemical speciation of Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd, Co, Ni to understand the influence of human activities on metal accumulation and mobility in the environment. The pH, salinity, carbonates and organic carbon contents were similar between soil and dust from the same city. Population density increases dust/soil salinity but has no influence on metals concentrations in soils. Increases in metal concentrations with population density were observed in dusts. Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr can be mobilized more easily from dust compared to the soil. In addition, population density increase the percentage of Pb and Zn associated to reducible and carbonate phase in the dust. The behaviour of metals except Cd in soil is mainly affected by physico-chemical properties, while total metal influenced the speciation except Cr and Ni in dusts.

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