Genetic parameters and genotype-environment interactions for skeleton deformities and growth traits at different ages on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) in four Spanish regions

  • I. Lee-Montero /
  • A. Navarro /
  • D. Negrín-Báez /
  • M. J. Zamorano /
  • C. Berbel /
  • J. A. Sánchez /
  • M. García-Celdran /
  • M. Manchado /
  • A. Estévez /
  • E. Armero /
  • J. M. Afonso
Journal ar
Animal Genetics
  • Volumen: 46
  • Número: 2
  • Fecha: 01 January 2015
  • Páginas: 164-174
  • ISSN: 13652052 02689146
  • Source Type: Journal
  • DOI: 10.1111/age.12258
  • Document Type: Article
  • Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
© 2015 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics. One of the most important problems of fish aquaculture is the high incidence of fish deformities, which are mainly skeletal. In this study, genetic parameters on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) for skeleton deformities at different ages (179, 269, 389, 539 and 689 days) and their correlations with growth traits were estimated, as were as their genotype × environment interactions (G × E) at harvesting age. A total of 4093 offspring from the mass spawning of three industrial broodstocks belonging to the PROGENSA® breeding programme were mixed and on-grown by different production systems in four Spanish regions: Canary Islands (tanks and cage), Andalusia (estuary), Catalonia (cage) and Murcia (cage). Parental assignment was inferred using the standardized SMsa1 microsatellite multiplex PCR. From three broodstocks, 139 breeders contributed to the spawn and a total of 297 full-sibling families (52 paternal and 53 maternal half-sibling families) were represented. Heritabilities at different ages were medium for growth traits (0.16-0.48) and vertebral deformities (0.16-0.41), and low for any type of deformity (0.07-0.26), head deformities (0.00-0.05) and lack of operculum (0.06-0.11). The genetic correlations between growth and deformity traits were medium and positive, suggesting that to avoid increasing deformities they should be taken into account in breeding programmes when growth is selected. The G × E interactions among the different facilities were weak for length and deformity and strong for growth rate during this period. These results highlight the potential for the gilthead seabream industry to reduce the prevalence of deformities by genetic improvement tools.

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